In Memoriam Nelson Mandela

Mandela bersama rakyatnyaMandela bersama rakyatnya

Dunia berduka, tokoh anti apartheid Afrika Selatan Nelson Mandela menghembuskan nafasnya yang terakhir pada Kamis malam, 05 Desember 2013. Kondisi Mandela sebelumnya sempat kritis setelah beberapa kali keluar masuk rumah sakit.

Dunia kehilangan salah satu tokoh besar persamaan ras, simbol perdamaian, kasih karunia dan rekonsiliasi. Sejarah kini telah mencatat, di dunia ini pernah hidup seorang lelaki yang baik hati.

Tokoh dunia pemenang Hadiah Nobel itu dalam memperjuangkan hak asasi manusia, tak mengenal lelah atau takut. Kendati harus mendekam selama 27 tahun sebagai tahanan politik Nasionalis Afrika Selatan.

Bapak perdamaian dunia itu, telah meninggalkan berbagai kenangan heroisme, dan cinta yang begitu mendalam. Pun bangsa Indonesia, ikut berduka. Berbagai kenangan mengingatkan anak bangsa negeri ini tentang kecintaan terhadap salah satu hasil karya kita, BATIK.
 Nelson Mandela mengenakan batik saat berbincang bersama mantan Presiden AS George W Bush di Gedung Putih 17 Mei 2005 lalu (Foto REUTERS)
Kecintaan Nelson Mandela pada Batik berawal dari lawatan pertamanya pada Oktober 1990 ke Indonesia usai bebas dari penjara di Pulau Roben. Saat itu pemerintah Indonesia memberinya baju Batik. Sejak mendapatkan hadiah Batik dari Indonesia itu, Mandela terkesan dengan warna dan corak Batik dan mulai mengenakannya sebagai simbol kedekatan Indonesia dan Afrika Selatan.

Selain cinta Batik, Mandela juga begitu terkesan dengan kharisma sang proklamator Indonesia, Soekarno. Ketika datang ke Bandung dalam rangka Konferensi Asia Afrika tahun 1992 di era Soeharto, Mandela sempat kecewa karena tak melihat foto Soekarno, Presiden RI pertama.

Soekarno adalah idola Mandela. Sosok Soekarno menjadi icon dan inspirasi Mandela dalam berjuang sepenuh hati membebaskan Afrika Selatan dari sistem apartheid atau pemisahan ras antara bangsa kulit putih dan kulit hitam di negeri itu. Maka wajar jika ia mencari-cari foto Soekarno di Museum Konferensi Asia Afrika. “Kenapa tak ada foto Soekarno?” ujarnya heran.
Nelson Mandela saat mencium Megawati Soekarnoputri
Dua belas tahun kemudian, tahun 2004, paling tidak Mandela bertemu dengan putri Soekarno, Megawati Soekarnoputri, yang kala itu menuruni jejak sang ayah memimpin Indonesia. Mandela pun tak sungkan mendaratkan ciuman hangat di pipi Megawati usai mereka berbincang di Istana Negara.

Sekilas Nelson Mandela

Lahir di Mvezo, Afrika Selatan, 18 Juli 1918 – meninggal di Johannesburg, Afrika Selatan, 5 Desember 2013 pada umur 95 tahun) adalah seorang revolusioner anti-apartheid dan politisi Afrika Selatan yang menjabat sebagai Presiden Afrika Selatan sejak 1994 sampai 1999.

Ia adalah orang Afrika Selatan berkulit hitam pertama yang memegang jabatan tersebut dan presiden pertama yang terpilih melalui keterwakilan penuh, dalam sebuah pemilu multiras. Pemerintahannya berfokus pada penghapusan pengaruhapartheid dengan memberantas rasisme, kemiskinan dan kesenjangan, dan mendorong rekonsiliasi rasial.

Terlahir dari keluarga kerajaan Thembu dan bersuku Xhosa, Mandela belajar hukum di Fort Hare University dan University of Witwatersrand. Pada 1962, ia ditahan dan dituduh melakukan sabotase dan bersekongkol menggulingkan pemerintahan, dan dihukum penjara seumur hidup di Pengadilan Rivonia.
Nelson Mandela di masa muda
Mandela menjalani masa kurungan 27 tahun, pertama di Pulau Robben, kemudian di Penjara Pollsmoor dan Penjara Victor Verster. Kampanye internasional yang menuntut pembebasannya membuat Mandela dibebaskan tahun 1990. Mandela terpilih sebagai Presiden dan membentuk Pemerintahan Persatuan Nasional. Selaku Presiden, ia menyusun konstitusi baru dan membentuk Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsiliasi untuk menyelidiki pelanggaran-pelanggaran HAM sebelumnya.

Mandela menolak mencalonkan diri untuk kedua kalinya dan digantikan oleh wakilnya, Thabo Mbeki. Ia kemudian menjadi negarawan ulung yang berfokus pada aktivitas amal demi memberantas kemiskinan dan HIV/AIDS melalui Nelson Mandela Foundation.
Nelson Mandela
Kontroversial nyaris sepanjang hayatnya, para kritikus sayap kanan menyebut Mandela teroris dan simpatisan komunis. Meski begitu, ia memperoleh pengakuan internasional atas sikap anti-kolonial dan anti-apartheidnya, menerima lebih dari 250 penghargaan, termasuk Hadiah Perdamaian Nobel1993, Medali Kebebasan Presiden Amerika Serikat, dan Order of Lenin dari Uni Soviet.

Mandela sangat dihormati di Afrika Selatan dan lebih dikenal dengan nama klan Xhosa-nya, Madiba atau tata. Nelson Mandela sering dijuluki "bapak bangsa".(dari berbagai sumber/Tim/ sulutonline).

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